Inflammation when the body removes harmful stimuli, including damaged cells, irritants, or pathogens - and begin the healing process. Acute inflammation, show that the body is trying to heal itself. Inflammation is not an infection although it can be seen when the body Acute inflammation - starts rapidly (rapid onset) and quickly becomes severe.Examples of diseases, conditions, and situations which can result in acute inflammation include: Acute bronchitis, Infected ingrown toenail, Sore throat from a cold or flu, A scratch/cut on the skin. Our infections, wounds and any damage to tissue would never heal without inflammation, however, chronic inflammation can eventually cause several diseases and conditions, including some cancers, rheumatoid arthritis, atherosclerosis, periodontitis, and hay fever. Inflammation needs to be well regulated.